A floor is the vertical surface of a room or an area on which people step on. It could also be defined as the process of adding a floor to a room or an area. For Storey buildings, it defines all the rooms that are on the same level. Flooring is the material that is used in the creation of the floor.
For the longest time, people were used to concrete floors and typical wood but that has changed. Vinyl (a material that is made of plastic components that are put together to look like wood) is now being more adopted as a suitable material.
Luxury Vinyl Plank (LVP) looks like ordinary planks of normal wood that are used in flooring. Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT) on the other hand has a more natural appearance of stone. Both of these flooring types look like their natural components but they are made of plastic. There are different methods in which these types of material are installed:
This is where the material is ‘joined’ with the concrete slab using an adhesive (a material that serves the purpose of glue). It is usually effective for a thin flooring material that does not offer any protection against impact from materials like heavy appliances. Because of the thin nature of the material, the floor is often cold, hard on the legs and water resilient. It is most suitable for floors that are uneven and also when there is no space for other components of the room like doors.
This is most efficient for surfaces that are even and waterproof. Rather than using an adhesive, the material is joined together using clicks because it is heavy enough to stick to the slob. Because of click installation, it is easy to install and maintain that even normal people can do on their own without requiring help from the experts. A, however, comes in when the clicking parts start to wear out and hence leaving spaces that could leave an owner to trip.
Engineered Vinyl Plank (EVP) is a type of LVP that uses the floating technique and is the most common. It uses a strong fiber-board for the core with a vinyl top and a cork that helps in the protection against impact. An example is the Coretec Plus. There are different types of LVP available in the market. Just to mention the most popular ones:
Shaw: Premio, Classico, Navigator, Aviator
This type of LVP has a wide range of products that are either cheap and thin or thick, quality and expensive. Most of its products though are thick. Premio and Classico are the thickest with a thickness of up to 6mm and 20mil of the wear layer making them the best of this type.
Armstrong: Luxe and Antenna
In terms of thickness, it comes second after shaw. Luxe has a more rigid core while Antenna is thin and hence best installed using glue down technique. It is also broken into different variations in terms of quality with Luxe having appearances of maple, oak, and walnut.
Karndean: Art select, Loose lay.
These ones are more expensive making them so rare in the market. Art select has an appearance of maple and oak. Loose lay, on the other hand, does not use adhesives ( glue down) or clicks (floating) for installation but instead, it uses the material’s grip from friction and soft backing.
Choosing the best LVP considers the nature of the surface on which it will be placed, the thickness of the material for protection against water, heat and sound, availability of the wear layer and the visual quality of the material for beauty.